Mac os vs windows operating system


  1. Linux vs MAC vs Windows
  2. macOS vs. Windows: Which OS Really Is the Best? |
  3. Operating systems

Will macOS Let's find out. The user interface UI — how the OS looks and acts while using it — is one of the most important aspects of a computer's software.

Linux vs MAC vs Windows

Both Windows 10 and macOS do things quite differently when it comes to their user interfaces — and both have iconic elements that users of the OS would miss if they swapped. The UI for macOS That means if you've used Macs for a while, you're going to feel right at home with macOS The biggest change is the inclusion of a Light Theme in the May Update.

As with the Dark Theme, menus, apps and the taskbar and Start menu all change their looks to match the theme. However, you were able to turn the feature back on. With macOS Overall, both macOS However, it also means that if you don't like the interface, there's nothing in the new versions that will change your mind either way. There are similarities with the user interfaces, however. In macOS In Windows 10, you can launch apps in a similar way, either from the Taskbar at the bottom of the screen which can also be used to switch between apps or through the Start menu.

The outcry was big enough that Microsoft promptly brought it back with Windows With the May Update, the Start menu is still a central part of the OS — and Microsoft is even asking its users what they think and how it can be improved, something Apple doesn't often do when it comes to its own OS. Both macOS In previous versions of macOS, iTunes was the default media player which would handle music — either bought from the iTunes Store or ripped from CDs — or play videos.

However, in macOS While splitting iTunes into three separate apps might seem like it's complicating things, the idea is that these apps will be able to focus on their individual media and offer more robust and specialized features. Despite its large user base, iTunes wasn't widely loved, and many people found the app in need of an update. Breaking it into three new apps might not be what they had in mind, though.

macOS vs. Windows: Which OS Really Is the Best? |

With Windows 10 May Update, there are also separate apps for media playback. These feature more modern and user-friendly interfaces compared to Apple's apps - though some may accuse them of being overly simplified. This offers a more traditional desktop media playing experience — similar to iTunes. Or course, both macOS Somewhat ironically, it looks like iTunes will continue to be available in Windows 10 May Update — so if you really love that software there must be someone out there who does , then you may want to switch to Windows to keep using Apple's classic media player.

Apple also has a music streaming subscription service called Apple Music. As of , 50 million people use Apple Music , so the user base is catching up with Spotify. As you'd imagine, Apple Music is tightly integrated into macOS Microsoft used to have a rival subscription service called Groove Music, however it struggled against Spotify and Apple Music, and at the end of it was discontinued. The Groove app in Windows 10 May Update can play streamed music, but it is now integrated with Spotify for that purpose. Both operating systems are accomplished at handling media — and often use the same apps and services.

However, for a more cohesive media playing experience, we've got to hand it to macOS Many people use macOS and Windows for their work computers, and both operating systems are geared towards productivity. For example, Sidecar allows you to use an iPad as a second display. You can use it to expand the desktop, making it easier to work on numerous apps at once, or you can use the iPad to control your Mac by using its touchscreen.

Apple also introduced the Voice Control accessibility feature to macOS Windows machines are built by hundreds of manufacturers, and users have long built their own machines from easily-available components. That means if you want a Windows computer that's really a tablet with a detachable keyboard , an all-in-one , a super-beefy tower machine with lots of blinking colored lights , or even a system on a USB thumb drive , along with so many more options, there's a Windows machine for you.

When it comes to customization, that choice increases exponentially. If you want to build a machine yourself, you can add nearly any configuration of cards and features you want. Do you want four beefy graphics cards working in tandem? Windows can do it. Do you want on-board instrumentation inputs? Do you want to be able to run 10 drives internal to the machine? Well, of course, Windows can do it.

There are downsides to all this flexibility, of course. Getting all these independently produced components to work together can be challenging. Finding exactly the right mix of drivers that don't conflict with or break each other can often be a hair-pulling experience. But if you're building something this custom, you've probably been down this road before.

Most Windows users will buy pre-built laptops where all the drivers generally get along with each other and again, generally have been pre-tested at the factory before shipping. Another big benefit of Windows is cost. It'll perform like a dog, but it will run. Because of the vast number of Windows suppliers, product quality can be inconsistent. If you purchase a machine built for a business buyer from a top-tier vendor, you're almost sure to get excellent quality, better components, pre-shipment testing, and long-term support -- at a higher purchase price.

But if you purchase a less expensive machine from a white box reseller or many of the lower-cost off-branded suppliers, component quality, support, and testing can range from unpredictable to downright unavailable. As you might imagine, as the platform with the largest market share, Windows also offers the most applications. When you choose a machine, it's about the apps you need to run. This is a much bigger factor than the operating system or even the cost.

In my experience, the applications on Windows range from excellent to some that are, to be kind, are barely workable. This, of course, is not unique to just Windows, but because there are so many developers, you see a wider range of spotty apps along with a wider range of apps for almost any purpose. To improve on Windows app quality, Microsoft has instituted the Windows Store.

Developer participation is optional, so not all apps are distributed through the Store. That said, Microsoft has been diligent in keeping an eye on quality, eliminating apps that are unsafe for users as they find them. But there's one Windows disadvantage. Because there are so many more Windows users, malware, spyware, and ransomware are far, far more prevalent on Windows than on MacOS or Linux. The vastly larger total number of potential targets provides a considerably larger return on investment for ransomware and similar attacks.

Nearly all breaches, including the vast corporate breaches, are initiated through a phishing or malware attack that gains a foothold on an individual's Windows PC and then makes the jump into a corporate network. For corporate users, Windows-based authentication integrates "out of the box" with Active Directory-based corporate servers. You can accomplish the same thing with Mac and Linux machines, but you'll need to get extra add-on software to do so.

With Windows, corporate networking is built in -- at least as long as you're running the Pro versions. Windows Home does not come with corporate connectivity. There will be an additional upgrade fee. For home users, gaming is huge on Windows-based PCs. While there are never-ending debates over whether consoles have more gaming power than beefy gaming PCs, there's no doubt that gaming PCs offer a level of gaming involvement and customization that nothing can top. Not only can Windows PCs be equipped with incredible power, there's also an entire submarket in providing RGB lighting effects for everything from motherboards to memory sticks.

If you're a gamer and you want to get your bling on, nothing beats PC gaming. If you could reach back in time 35 years ago and gently pluck an original Macintosh user from and put her in front of a brand new Mac, she would be able to operate today's machine. The file system would look the same. The menu bar would look the same. Even the trash would look the same. Sure, instead of just a few thousand black and white pixels, the screens would be in glorious high-resolution color, and the speed, breadth, and depth of the applications would be mind-boggling, but the fundamental interface would be understandable.

Macs have undergone fundamental processor changes, jumping from based devices to PowerPCs, migrating to Intel chips, and -- probably in the next few years -- migrating to Apple's own silicon. But to the users, every single change in how the Mac has evolved has had a level of internal consistency and predictability unrivaled by any other platform. Interestingly, even though some aspects of the system remain effectively unchanged for more than three decades, that doesn't mean that MacOS feels particularly dated, although, as nearly every Mac user will admit, it does have its quirks.

Mac VS PC 2018. Switching over to Windows, after 10 years on Macs.

Although Macs have historically suffered far fewer malware threats than Windows machines, there has been a small rise in malware variants targeting MacOS users -- mostly for the contents of cryptocurrency wallets. While it's not as existentially necessary to run an anti-malware program on a Mac, it's generally a good idea. Microsoft has recently starting bringing its Defender software to Macs , but right now, that's limited to enterprise use. We can't discuss MacOS without discussing Macintoshes.

The two go together. While Windows can run on thousands of different machines from hundreds of different vendors, MacOS is distributed by Apple to run solely on Apple hardware. There is a small, intrepid group of Hackintosh builders who source Macintosh compatible hardware and build their own systems , but they're outliers, and the process of building a Hackintosh takes some work. A common misconception about Macintosh hardware is that it's more expensive than equivalent PC hardware. In fact, that's not true. When I compared a highly equipped Mac mini against available PC parts , I was unable to source a PC with anywhere near the capability and size of the Mac mini.

Where PCs are cheaper is when you're not looking at brand-name or spec-for-spec comparisons. You can absolutely get cheaper laptops and desktops for Windows than Macs. Additionally, if you're willing sacrifice the Mac's legendary design and go for a traditional tower Windows PC, you can generally get more performance for the dollar. Although the buy-in cost for Apple hardware is often more expensive, many have found that the overall cost of ownership over the lifetime of the system is less expensive with Macs.

IBM did a study before the company decided to standardize on Macs, where they found that:. PCs drive twice the amount of support calls. They're also three times more expensive. Macs are also appealing because of their design and integration. MacOS is tightly integrated with iOS, to the point that you can even share clipboards between a Mac and an iPhone, or use an iPhone to take a picture that drops directly into a Mac application. Although some Windows users may dispute this, many Mac users believe that MacOS is easier to install and update, offers faster updates with less hassle, and allows applications to be installed and managed with greater ease than Windows.

Out of the box, MacOS also comes with a deep range of applications for free, including the music composition tool GarageBand, video editing application iMovie, and a complete productivity package consisting of Pages word processing and layout , Numbers spreadsheet , and Keynote presentations. While MacOS is often touted as an easy-to-use operating system, it also greatly appeals to design and development professionals.

MacOS also has AppleScript, which can be used to automate complex workflows. If you sufficiently equip your Mac and by this, I mean an i7 processor or better, 16GB of RAM or better, and definitely SSD instead of hard drive , you can use Parallels or another virtualization application to provide multiple operating systems on the Mac. This is a big appeal for me. I use a well-equipped Mac with Parallels, and I'm able to run Windows and Linux side by side with MacOS applications , even dragging and dropping across operating systems.

This level of flexibility is unmatched on any other OS. It's important to note that most Macs can't be upgraded. When you spec out your CPU, memory and storage, that's what you'll have to live with. While the new, Mac mini does allow RAM upgrades , it is a complex, tedious, and delicate process. Other machines, like the insanely expensive iMac Pro , allow RAM to be upgraded, but it requires a highly skilled technician to remove the permanently glued display and case to get at the machine's innards, voiding the warranty in the process..

With a virtualized copy of Windows, a Mac can be used to run any application you might need including Windows and Linux programs , where if you're running on a Windows machine, MacOS applications are not available. Keep in mind, though, that you're limited to the hardware produced by Apple. If Apple chooses not to update a form factor or model for a few years as has happened a lot in recent years , you're out of luck for that hardware unless you decide to build a Hackintosh.

But with the advent of the T2 security chip last year, and the expected move to Apple-designed CPU chips, it may not be possible to home-build a Hackintosh for much longer. I have a Debian distribution running my home server. And in my various home devices, I have an uncountable number of Linux instances running, driving everything from my smart TVs to my Internet router.

Linux is renowned for its versatility, particularly in servers and embedded solutions. But in this article, we're talking about desktop Linux implementations, where you'd use Linux with a keyboard and mouse to, at the very least, check your email. Because it's open source, it can be modified and extended by anyone; a virtual army of loosely affiliated coders have been working on it for nearly 30 years. Also because it's open source, different variants called distributions have been released, containing everything from different core functionality to a wide variation of settings and configuration options, to different user interfaces, and even different fundamental purposes.

One reason many of the Linux faithful flock to the operating system is because it's not controlled by Microsoft or Apple. This can be something of a political preference or it can be a practical one: The desire or need to customize an OS at a level not permitted by a corporate overlord. For our desktop comparison though, let's focus on the truly practical. What can it do for you today? Well, first, as we've established, there's no "it.

Operating systems

You'll need to choose a distro shorthand for "distribution". We'll make that easy for you. Our in-house Linux guru, Steven J. Although Linux is considerably more secure than Windows and even somewhat more secure than MacOS, that doesn't mean Linux is without its security flaws. Linux doesn't have as many malware programs, security flaws, back doors, and exploits, but they are there. But they're a whole lot less than the virtual flood of malware that infects Windows users on a daily basis.

Network administrators and developers like this more minimal security footprint, but it's likely that using MacOS would provide a similar low risk profile, with a lot more software compatibility. With a few exceptions, mostly from Dell you're not going to buy a PC that already runs Linux. This is not hard. Linux installers have also come a long way. My wife, who is technically inclined but had never used Linux, installed Linux Mint on an old laptop in just an hour or so, with no help. That said, the usability of Linux isn't just the desktop.

Much of the complexity results in trying to get corporate solutions to work in a Linux environment.

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For example, the webcast software we use requires true PowerPoint files. Even though there are Linux substitute solutions for slide preparations, making it all work on a workflow deadline can often be time-consuming. There are compatibility solutions like WINE and Crossover, but once again, you're spending time fiddling for compatibility when you might otherwise be getting your job done.

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Another common approach is to use cloud-based software such as Google Docs or Office Yes, Office will run on Linux via Chrome although the web version does sacrifice some functionality. You also have an enormous range of devices that support Linux.