Backslash clavier mac sous windows

Contents

  1. Liens de recherche
  2. Special Characters
  3. Manuel d'Hydrogen
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Disabling this feature will definitely limit your Internet speeds. Autotuning is. I use a USB. Many people don't know that the Windows shell provides an extended context menu if the Shift key is pressed when the menu is shown. Now, you need two samples. WAV or. FLAC file will do. In the instrument editor, click on Layers. You can layer several samples into the instrument. Which one is played depends on the velocity of the incoming note. Note that the Audio File Browser will allow you to preview the sample before you load it.

It will also allow you to load more than one sample at a time. But for now, only load one. After you load the sample, you'll see that there is now a 1 at the top, and the topmost rectangle has turned light blue. To load a second sample, click the slot just below it, and then click Load Layer to bring in another sample. After bringing in both samples, you'll probably notice that only the first sample is being played whenever you trigger the instrument. This is because you need to set the velocity ranges for the layers. Move your mouse to the sides of the light blue rectangles and you see that you get a left-right drag cursor.

Now drag the sample to the left or right like a curtain. You will now see Layer 2 appear. The velocity setting for the layer is 0-velocity on the left, and full velocity on the right. Set up Layer 1 to sound for soft notes, and Layer 2 to sound for hard notes i.

Layer 1 on the left and Layer 2 on the right. Now, in the pattern area, set up a simple pattern that plays this instrument. Adjust the velocity settings on each note so that you can get the different samples to sound. Now set the pattern to loop and notice how your different samples are getting triggered. For each layer, you can set the Gain and the Pitch. The pitch also has a Fine adjustment. Use the Gain adjustment to control how loud the sample will play. This is necessary because it's extremely difficult to get a set of samples that all sound at about the same volume.

By adjusting here, the samples that were recorded too quietly can be turned up to match your loud samples that had to be turned down. The pitch of the sample can be modified with the pitch controls. The Pitch knob adjust the pitch in musical half-steps. So, is down 1 octave. One half-step is cents. The pitch is adjusted by playing the sample back faster or slower.

This is called the Doppler Effect. So, if you have a 1-second sample that you turn down 1 octave , your sample will only last for. You can hear the sample in a layer by clicking the layer id just below the 'General' and 'Layers' buttons and the 'Delete Layer' button will delete the currently selected layer. So far we have created a multilayered Drumkit, set a number of instrument parameters, played with velocity settings and so on.

Now it's time to go one step deeper and edit the samples using one of the newest Hydrogen features: the Sample Editor. The Sample Editor allows you to tweak and manipulate your samples.

Liens de recherche

This is a function that will really speed up the creation of a drumkit since you can do the fine-tunning of the sample within Hydrogen. In pre The sample editor allows you to do most of the sample manipulation within Hydrogen. This mean less switching between Hydrogen and your audio editor and more time to make music! The changes you make to your samples in the Sample Editor are non-destructive and are saved per song. So the original sample will not be changed, and you can reuse the same sample in multiple songs with different Sample Editor settings.

In this section you can set the start, stop and loop points for the sample by dragging the the 3 markers:. You can easily move one of the markers by grabbing them close to the letter that marks them. Whenever you grab one of the markers you will see a detail view of the position of that marker on the second smaller window on the right, making it easy to find the zero-crossings in the sample.

This detail window also has a slider next to it that allows you to zoom in and out on the vertical axis. Think of it as a sort of volume 'zoom'. The position of the markers is expressed in number of samples from the very beginning of the sample. Apart from the marker positions there are 2 settings that apply to the Sample Editor's loop function: loop mode and loop number. With the loop function you can repeat the part of your sample that is in between the Loop- and the End-marker. The way it is looped is determined by the Loop mode forward, revers or ping-pong and the number of times it is looped is determined by the Loop number.

If you want to hear a preview of the tweaking you have done so far, you first need to press the 'Apply Changes' button the bottom of section 3 and then the Play button to hear the result. This section of the Sample Editor allows you to control the Rubberband settings. Rubberband is a tool that can change the tempo of a sample without changing the sample's pitch and vice versa.

If you are using Ubuntu you can install rubberband from the Software Center rubberband-cli. For other linux distros check your package manager. For other platforms please check the rubberband site. Sample length to beat : when set to 'off', rubberband functionality is disabled. Normally this parameter should be set to the length of the part of the sample between the Start and End marker, expressed in number of beats. Note : If you want Hydrogen to recalculate the sample length on the fly using rubberband you must enable the 'RUB' button see figure above.

In the bottom section of the Sample Editor you can see the end result of the tweaks you have made by pressing the Apply Changes button. You can also change the the Volume and Panorama Pan of your sample here. This is done by creating 'envelopes' like the ones you find in numerous DAW's for automation. To edit an envelope you first need to select 'Volume' or 'Panorama'in the upper right corner of section 3. The Volume envelope is blue, and the pan envelope is yellow. Left clicking in the bottom window will ad a node to an envelope and also allows you to drag an existing node.

Right-clicking a node will delete it. Don't forget to Apply Changes before you play your tweaked sample.

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With all of the different parameters available to tweak, it can be difficult to set up something that sounds nice when you're done. Here are a few tips on setting up an instrument:. Turn down the gain. Every gain knob i. With every gain stage you have, it's easy to overdrive your signal — which means the signal gets distorted by clipping. In addition, if you have two samples that, by themselves, peg your meters — what do you think happens when you combine them?

That's right, you overdrive the signal again. If things sound bad and distorted, start by turning down the gain setting on the layer Then turn down the instrument gain. Then the fader on the mixer. Then the master output fader. Test samples at full velocity. Your sample will be played louder if the velocity is higher. So, if you set everything to sound nice and full with velocity at 0. Hint: clipping. Try to use samples that are -6 dB max. Otherwise, turn your layer gain to about. Remove all DC offsets from the sample. In a sample editor, there is usually a line down the center of your sample's waveform.

This is the zero-line. The beginning of your sample should be on this line. The end of your sample should also be on this line.

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Special Characters

However, if your signal is a little above or a little below this line, you will hear a click at the beginning and the end of your sample whenever it is played. The ADSR will not be longer than your sample. If you have a short sample, it doesn't matter how long you set the attack and delay — the sample will stop playing at the end. Things change with the sample rate. If you have a really nice setup with all your parameters painstakenly tweaked Many of Hydrogen's internal settings and parameters are based on how many samples go by, not on how many seconds go by.

The sorts of things that change are: anything time-base like attack and release and anything frequency based like the cutoff frequency.

Manuel d'Hydrogen

In this section you can find more info about defining MIDI actions and how they can be useful for you. If you look at the Events list you will see that there are 3 types of Events available as described in the Midi standard :.

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CC : controller commands coming from faders or rotary controllers. The Param. You can also activate the Midi learn function by Shift-clicking most of the gui elements. A 'Waiting for Midi input If you Shift-click on a gui element that does not support Midi automation a popup will inform you. Next is a list of the available Actions: an Action describes what Hydrogen should do when a specific Midi Event is detected. The Parameter usually references a specific channel, instrument, FXsend Keep in mind that the Parameter value is zero-based.

So if you want to reference channel 1 you have to enter '0' in the Parameter field 1 for channel 2, 2 for channel STOP : stops playback and returns to the start of the song. MUTE : mutes the the Master output sequencer keeps running. This means that the time changes depending on the sample rate of your sound card. The max time for each of them is , audio samples typ. This section is a quick-and-dirty walkthrough to Hydrogen.

Refer to the tutorial for a more detailed overview. When "Pattern" mode is activated the current pattern is continuously repeated. This mode is very well suited to tweak your pattern until it's just right, since the pattern you are working on is constantly repeated. This way you can immediately hear the changes you have made. In "Song" mode the whole song is played. This is useful when putting together the patterns to create the structure of the song.

We'll start from the empty song with an empty pattern created when Hydrogen starts up: "pattern" mode should be selected by default. Adjust the grid resolution and BPM speed if needed. Be sure to select the correct pattern in the Song Editor before adding notes in the Pattern Editor! Every line features 3 buttons , pan adjust , current maximum peak, volume fader and name of the track. Clicking on will play the selected instrument, cutting the others. The "Mute" button , simply mute that instrument. The maximum peak indicates the maximum volume reached from the instrument.

The peak must be in a range of 0. Peaks outside that range will get distorted especially with OSS audio driver. Keep an eye on each vu-meter and if distortion appears, turn the volume down for that instrument. This is a glossary of general terms encountered when using Hydrogen, synthesizers, drums, or samplers. The definitions here provide more detail and explanation than the simplified ones in the text. For example, the text of the manual would have you believe that an ADSR is the only kind of envelope generator and could only ever control the volume.

While the simplified definitions help new users start using Hydrogen quickly, they can lack the nuances presented here. A type of envelope generator that allows you to control the Attack , Decay , Sustain , and Release parameters. Generally, the parameters are proportional to the velocity. This is the first phase of an ADSR envelope, and is the amount of time to turn the parameter up from 0 to full velocity after triggering the note. A filter that preserves a certain band of frequencies, and attenuates silences all others. This is often done by combining a high-pass and a low-pass filter.

A phenomenon that happens to a signal when the signal is too large for whatever is receiving it. The peaks of the signal which are normally smooth curves get cut off straight at the max volume clipped. This distorts the sound and is usually undesirable. An example of clipping is when you play music louder than your speaker can handle.

Parts of the music sound harsh and fuzzy. On high-pass and low-pass filters, this is the frequency that divides between those that pass, and those that are attenuated silenced. In a high-pass resonance filter, or a low-pass resonance filter, the cutoff is also the frequency zone that gets boosted. For example, if you have a low-pass filter and you set the cutoff frequency high i. All the audible frequencies will pass through undisturbed. As you lower the cutoff frequency to something like 40 Hz the low string on a bass guitar , it sounds like someone is putting a blanket over the speaker.

The higher frequencies are being attenuated above 30 Hz. After reaching full velocity from the attack, this is the amount of time to turn the parameter down from full velocity to the sustain level. DC offset is usually undesirable. For example, in audio processing, a sound that has DC offset will not be at its loudest possible volume when normalized because the offset consumes headroom , and this problem can possibly extend to the mix as a whole, since a sound with DC offset and a sound without DC offset will have DC offset when mixed.

It may also cause other artifacts depending on what is being done with the signal. A way to control change a parameter over time as a response to triggering, holding, and releasing a note. Imagine that you're playing a note on the keyboard and you have your other hand on a knob volume, filter cutoff, etc. As you play the note, you twist the knob often up, then down You do the same thing on each note. That's what an envelope generator does. See also ADSR. A slider control used to adjust the attenuation volume in a mixer. Faders always have an "audio" taper, which means that the attenuation amount changes on an exponential scale.

A device that changes a sound by attenuating specific frequencies. A tone knob is an example of a simple, low-pass filter. In an amplifier, this adjust how much or how little a signal is amplified volume. A higher gain value is a louder signal. A filter that attenuates silences low frequencies, but allows high frequencies to pass through. Voir aussi Filter , Cutoff Frequency. In an instrument you can load several different samples each one called a layer , and have a different sample play depending on the velocity of the note. Only one sample at a time will play.

Suppose you have a sample of a floor tom being struck softly.


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  8. If you simply play the sample louder — it will not sound the same as a real tom that has been struck very hard. If you wish to mimic this in your instrument, you can load one sample for soft playing, and a different sample for loud playing. A filter that attenuates silences high frequencies, but allows low frequencies to pass through. A group of instruments samples that should mute stop playing immediately after another instrument in the group is triggered.

    This is typically used in hi-hats, where there's a different instrument sample for when the hi-hat is open or closed. With a real hi-hat, the sound of the open hi-hat will stop as soon as you close it. However, if you use two samples — the open sound will continue even after you have triggered the closed sound. By placing both instruments in the same mute group group 1, for example A span of frequencies where the top-most frequency is exactly twice the frequency of the bottom frequency.

    For example, the range 20 Hz to 40 Hz is an octave. So is Hz to Hz, and Hz to Hz. While the frequency differences are very different 20 Hz, Hz, and Hz, respectively , to the human ear they sound like the same distance. After the note is released, this is the amount of time to reduce the parameter from the sustain level to 0. When referring to a resonance filter, this is the parameter that determines how much of a boost gain to give the frequencies at the cutoff. A filter that gives a large boost to a very narrow range of frequencies. Typically it will be part of a high-pass or a low-pass filter, where the boosted frequencies are centered on the cut-off frequency.

    Voir aussi Filter , Cutoff Frequency , Resonance. For example, in a low-pass filter the frequencies below the cutoff frequency are not attenuated they pass-through with the same volume. Same with the cutoff frequency. As you go above the cutoff frequency, the frequencies that are near the cutoff frequency are not attenuated very much at all. However, the frequencies that are much higher than the cutoff are attenuated suppressed a lot. This is usually approximated by a straight line on a log scale and measured in in dB of attenuation per octave of frequency.

    Voir aussi Attenuation , Filter. To make a backtick on the British or International English keyboard - Use the key just to the right of the left shift key. Had the same issue with non-English keyboard as well. Turns out it is rather easy to customize PressAndHold feature introduced in Lion.

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    Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Asked 6 years, 9 months ago. Active 1 year, 5 months ago. Viewed 87k times. The backtick character is one I use on a regular basis on StackExchange. Which keyboard layout do you use? On my keyboard, it is next to Shift. What keyboard layout do you have? Can you submit an answer?

    Then select that Layout and press the key right to left Shift. I just said U. To make a backtick on the US English keyboard - Use the key just to the left of the 1 key To make a backtick on the British or International English keyboard - Use the key just to the right of the left shift key.